Water Source Heat Pumps
Colmac HPW water source heat pumps offer commercial and industrial users of sanitary hot water, an energy efficient means of heating water to temperatures as high as 185°F (85°C). Colmac water heating heat pumps use the same operating principle as an air-conditioner or domestic refrigerator. The heat pump gathers heat from a warm water source, and through the refrigeration cycle, deposits the heat into sanitary water at a useable temperature. This principle of moving heat with a heat pump, rather than generating it by burning fossil fuel (i.e. natural gas), or electric resistance, makes water heating with heat pumps the best choice for conserving energy. Depending on the temperature of the heat source supplied to the heat pump, water can be heated using one third to one fourth of the energy required by electric resistance, or gas.
Colmac water source heat pumps use waste heat in the form of any filtered, non-corrosive, pressurized stream of liquid at temperatures as low as 50°F.
Water Source Heat Pump Basics
Energy from a pressurized liquid stream is absorbed by refrigerant in the evaporator causing the refrigerant to change phase from a liquid to a gas. This gas refrigerant is then compressed by a compressor which adds temperature and pressure to the refrigerant. The high temperature, high pressure refrigerant gas is then condensed to a liquid in a condenser where energy is traded from the refrigerant to sanitary water suitable for human consumption. Finally, the high pressure, liquid refrigerant is passed through an expansion valve which causes the refrigerant pressure and temperature to drop so it can once again enter the evaporator and absorb energy from the liquid source.
To maximize the efficiency of a water source heat pump, use the warmest liquid with highest specific heat and try to deliver the lowest sanitary water temperature acceptable. This minimizes the compressor work which is the largest operational cost associated with a heat pump. Building hydronic loop water, return chilled water, condenser or cooling tower water, geothermal loops or wells, and industrial process water are a few of the possible heat sources which can be utilized by the HPW heat pump.
HPW Installation Drawings